Black Sea Security: New Challenges
The Centre for Global Studies “Strategy XXI” presented the results of the monitoring of the security situation in the Black Sea region.
1. General assessment of the security situation in the Black Sea region
As of July 2019, the security situation in the Black Sea region is estimated to be unstable. There are signs of further deterioration. Some parts of the territories of the Black Sea countries remain under the occupation of the Russian Federation: Abkhazia and South Ossetia (Tskhinvali district, Georgia); Transnistria (Moldova); Crimea, the city of Sevastopol, parts of Lugansk and Donetsk regions (Ukraine). At the same time, official Moscow continues to disregard these facts, despite the position of a number of international organisations – the UN, the OSCE, NATO and the EU. For example, in the Luxembourg Declaration of the 28th Annual Session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly of 4-8 July 2019 recognised such occupation and expressed the call for the de-occupation of the territories of Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova, as well as full respect for their sovereignty, territorial integrity, inviolability of internationally recognised borders.