The majority of the population of Ukraine considers reaching the compromise as a tool for terminating military conflict in Donbas. Though, the majority still believes that we shall go only for partial compromise, rather than on everything offered. International sanctions and pressure on Russia are major methods for peace restoration in Donbas. Also, the respondents believe that return to normal life at the territories of Donetsk and Lugansk region under control of Ukraine will contribute to further peace building.
Public opinion remains rather stable regarding political future of so-called DNR and LNR: almost majority of population considers that these territories shall be returned to Ukraine and remain within its geographical composition, as it was before.
The conclusion of Wales and Warsaw Summits – protection of NATO borders is advancing following its borderline Estonia-Latvia-Lithuania-Poland-Slovakia- Hungary-Romania-Bulgaria. Ukraine remains aside from the line, though it takes part in the Lithuanian-Polish-Ukrainian brigade. NATO’s willingness to project its stability outside of the Europe borderline is a great achievement for us. Particularly, we are considered as a buffer zone between Russia and NATO. However, it still does not impact on the attitude of our country, which at all levels remains as a victim-state of Russian aggression.
Late Friday night events in Istanbul raised the question of a role of the army in state governance. Ukraine has two role models of states with strong military structures. It is Turkey and Israel. If Ukraine chooses the way of army strengthening, which is inevitable according to the author, then the question is not only about military capabilities but society ability to withstand possible abuse of power.Comparison of military capabilities of both countries, as well as their military policies, gives an answer to a key question – what type of army is better for Ukraine.
Ukraine’s aspiration to obtain visa-free regime with the EU was supported by the efforts to introduce the EU-required reforms. In fact, the Visa Liberalisation Action Plan happened to be one of the most effective stimuli to advance reforms aimed for fight against corruption, security of documents and migration management. Therefore, these areas appeared to be under international attention as indicators of Ukraine’s progress. The policy brief of the EwB offers close analysis of the mentioned reforms.
On the 13th of July conference “Russian Hybrid War and Politics in Europe” took place in Brussels. During the event, experts discussed the issue of hybrid war and its components, which Russia is actively using against Europe. The participants of the discussion underlined misinformation and intentional misrepresentation of events regarding Ukraine and the neighbourhood as a typical element of Putin’s strategy.
Slovakia is one of the closest neighbors of Ukraine. It joined the EU back in 2004 and during next 6 month, it will hold Presidency of the Council for the first time. In the light of this event, Maryna Vorotnyuk prepared a discussion paper on Ukraine’s and Slovak relations.
Many of the EU countries are concerned of potential flux of migrants in the light of further discussions on visa liberalization for Ukraine. However, are the Ukrainians a real threat to the security of the EU? “Europe without barriers” published visual materials with statistics and other data on migration and security situation in Ukraine as well as passing of the reforms, that were required by Visa Liberalisation Action Plan.
On July 4, civic organisation “Europe without barriers” in cooperation with CEDOS think tank presented a policy brief “Reforming Ukrainian Visa Liberalisation and Migration Policy: Paving the Way for EU-Ukraine Cooperation” .
The expert group aimed to analyse migration policies and reforms in regard to cooperation with the EU and visa liberalisation processes. Among other topics, you can find more about the integration of refugees, immigrants and reintegration of IDPs in Ukraine. Concluding, the analysts respond to the question why integration matters for us.
Institute of world policy has prepared a discussion paper on Ukrainian-Italian relations.
Ukraine and Italy have never been among the top foreign policy priorities for each other. Russia was and still remains a strategic partner of Rome in the Eastern Europe. However, the Revolution of Dignity and the Russian-Ukrainian conflict extended the scope of the key interests of Italy in Ukraine from economic to security policy interests.
Experts indicate that for further development of Ukrainian-Italian relations, among all, it is essential to secure favourable business environment, to develop political and regional cooperation, as well as foster cultural diplomacy, etc.
Over the last months, the likelihood of Russia openly using armed forces against its neighbours has increased as the security stability in the region was affected. This opinion was expressed to the news agency Radio Liberty by Joint Director of Foreign Policy Programmes and International Security of the Razumkov Centre Oleksiy Melnyk.
“Indeed, the likelihood of this threat has increased over the last months. There are two classical factors promoting stability – the opponent possessing deterrent forces and the so-called ‘trust tools’, in particular international agreements, disarmament programmes, and restrictions on nuclear arms. When there is parity in deterrent forces, and even the West is stronger in this sense, there are issues with trust. Russia withdrew from several security agreements, and with all its actions demonstrates the need to use force,” admits the expert.