How to ensure effective implementation of border management innovations?
“Europe without Barriers” analysed the latest changes in the visa and migration policy of Ukraine, the introduction of biometric data collection on the border and plans to introduce a pre-notification of entry for citizens of “countries of migration risk”.
Since 2010, Ukraine has begun to adopt the European integrated border management (IBM) concept, which involves parallel simplification of the legal border crossing and countering illegal or threatening crossings. The notion of four-level control is one of the foundations of the IBM. It broadens the understanding of the border, including the measures in third countries, cooperation with neighbouring countries, border control and control measures within the area of free movement, including return.
After 2014, the security challenges caused by the Russian aggression and the commitments made to the European Union in the framework of the way to a visa-free regime, have led to the need for large-scale changes in all four levels of movement control. Responsible Ukrainian authorities faced the need, on the one hand, to significantly strengthen this control, and on the other hand, to make it more democratic and convenient for people travelling within the framework of law, especially considering the threats that the IBM system hadn’t faced before.