Iryna Kosse: the only way to restore export to pre-war levels is to unblock Ukraine’s Black Sea ports
Now Ukraine cannot solve its main logistics problem – the export of grain – by means of rail or road transportation. The only way to restore Ukrainian export to pre-war levels is to unblock Ukraine’s Black Sea ports.
It was said by a senior researcher at the IER Iryna Kosse during the discussion “War impact on the economy of Ukraine: monthly assessments with a special focus on logistics issues”.
According to the expert, Russian troops have blocked almost all seaports. Currently, 3 out of 13 seaports that operated before the war, ship goods: Izmail, Reni, and Ust-Dunaisk. The rest are either occupied or blocked. This creates a huge problem for Ukrainian exports.
Correspondingly, all this flow is trying to be reoriented to rail and road transport, however, here are some problems with this. Currently, for rail transport only western border crossing points are operating, its workload has increased several times, but the capacity for all cargo to process is still insufficient.