Myths and facts about Ukrainian labour migration to Visegrad Four countries
The handbook was prepared within the project “Promoting evidence-based media coverage of labour migration from Ukraine to V4 countries”. The project is funded by the International Visegrad Fund and implemented by Europe without Barriers (Ukraine) in the partnership with Nasz Wybor (Poland), Poradna pro Integraci (Czechia), Research Centre of the Slovak Foreign Policy Association (Slovakia) and Hungarian Europe Society (Hungary).
Ukraine during its history was both a country of origin and transit/destination for migrants. The large-scale emigration of Ukrainians over the past 150 years is evident from the numerous developed diasporas in Canada, the United States, Argentina and also neighbouring countries of Ukraine. At the same time, during the Soviet Union, although the external borders were closed for free movement, residents of other Soviet republics actively moved to the territory of Ukraine. As a result, according to the UN, the number of immigrants (people born outside the country) in Ukraine ranged from 6.8 million in 1990 to 4.8 million in 20171, so, in fact, every 9th person was a migrant.