Open Electoral Lists for Party Policy Development
Without developed parties with their democratic character, it is impossible to hope that the power will be democratically formed, implemented and transferred. Planning of parliamentary elections for 2019 inevitably leads to the need to set their rules. 2017-2018 is the time for an active dialogue and the search for a compromise option for a more open electoral system for the voter. Therefore, it is recommended to discuss electoral needs that should be met, including the issue of reelection of the CEC members.
If there is no such discussion, it will mean the tacit agreement of the majority of the political environment to hold the next election in 2019 according to the current system: 50% of seats in single-seat constituencies on the basis of a simple majority, whereas it is impossible to establish such districts in some Ukrainian regions, and another 50% of seats will be proportionally distributed between parties that have “closed” lists of candidates and provide neither adequate information about their candidates nor the opportunity to support the desired ones.
By enabling the voter to support a candidate from the list and facilitate election, open electoral lists, unlike closed ones, create a number of conditions for building mutual responsibility between parties and the society.
Will any of the open-list models of the organization of voting be introduced? The answer to this key issue of the electoral system reform for parliamentary elections could be found this year. At least, three new bills on elections are included into the work plan of the Verkhovna Rada for 2017.